Citing Committee Reports (Online)

Database Information

Committee reports are issued by House and Senate committees following the consideration of a specific piece of legislation. The report details the progress of the bill in the committee, including how the bill was amended, what amendments were adopted or rejected, the estimated cost of programs proposed in the legislation, opinions of the minority and majority members of the committee, and the "legislative intent" of the piece of legislation.

For each citation, include:

  • "U.S.", congressional Chamber (House or Senate), and the issuing committee
  • The title when a title includes the bill number or phrases such as "conference report", "to accompany", and "with separate views", this information should be included with the title
  • Report number, including Congress number the report number (preceded by H. Rpt. or S. Rpt.), combined with the number of the Congress (for example, 102, 103, 104), creates a unique identifier for the report and should be included in every citation
  • Database name (Text from: Committee Reports)
  • Web service name (Available from: ProQuest® Congressional)
  • Date accessed by the user (Accessed: date)
Note: For additional help citing online reports, see Citing U.S. Serial Set (Online)

Committee names

Since reports are issued by the committee, the committee name must be included in each citation, preceded by U.S. House or U.S. Senate. You need not include "Congress" in the hierarchical order since there is only one U.S. House or Senate. Use only the name of the main committee as the issuing agency, not the name of any subcommittee. For example:

  • U.S. House. Committee on Appropriations. Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, 1996, (to Accompany H.R. 2127) Together with Dissenting and Separate Views. (104 H. Rpt. 209). Text from: Committee Reports. Available from: ProQuest Congressional; Accessed: 4/20/04.
  • U.S. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Report to the Senate on the Activities of the Committee on Environment and Public Works for the 101st Congress. (102 S. Rpt. 55). Text from: Committee Reports. Available from: ProQuest Congressional; Accessed: 4/20/04.

Joint or conference committee report

For a joint committee, use U.S. Congress and the joint committee's full name. For a conference committee, use only U.S. House or U.S. Senate and no committee name. For example:

  • U.S. Congress. Joint Economic Committee. The 1995 Joint Economic Report (104 S. Rpt. 200). Text from: Committee Reports. Available from: ProQuest Congressional; Accessed: 4/20/04.
  • U.S. House. National Defense Authorization Act of 1993, Conference Report (to Accompany H.R. 5006). (102 H. Rpt. 966). Text from: Committee Reports. Available from: ProQuest Congressional; Accessed: 4/20/04.

Committee report in multiple sections or volumes

Committee reports may be issued in multiple parts or volumes. In addition, due to the size of a report, the online version of a report may be split into multiple sections. Be sure to provide complete information about multiple parts or volumes as well as the complete number of online section equivalents. For example:

  • U.S. House. Committee on the Budget. Providing for Reconciliation Pursuant to Section 105 of the Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 1996. (104 H. Rpt. 280; Vol. 1, Sections 1-15). Text from: Committee Reports. Available from: ProQuest Congressional; Accessed: 4/20/04.
  • U.S. House. Committee on the Budget. Providing for Reconciliation Pursuant to Section 105 of the Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 1996. (104 H. Rpt. 280; Vol. 1, Section 13 of 15). Text from: Committee Reports. Available from: ProQuest Congressional; Accessed: 4/20/04.

Appendix

It is not uncommon for a copy of the act or other additional materials to be appended to a committee report. On occasion, it may be necessary to cite directly to an appendix. Use the phrase "Included in" to alert your reader that the item being cited is part of a larger document. For example:

"Appendix A: Representative George Miller's Hearing Questions for British Petroleum." Included in: U.S. House. Exports of Alaskan North Slope Oil. (104 H. Rpt. 139, Part 1). Text from: Committee Reports. Available from: ProQuest Congressional; Accessed: 4/30/03.

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